Body & Mind Therapy Centre Mossley, Manchester
01457 835491

Aroma foot reflexology and foot reflexology on blood pressure, pulse rate and blood lipid level

Published on 22nd January 2015

 Journal title : Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society;  Volume 13, Issue 9,  2012, pp.4053-4064;  Publisher : The Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society;  DOI : 10.5762/KAIS.2012.13.9.4053

Title & Authors
The effects of Aroma foot reflexology and foot reflexology on blood pressure, pulse rate and blood lipid level of elderly essential hypertensive patients in a rural area
Lee, Hyeon-Soon; Kim, Dong-Oak;

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aroma foot reflexology and foot reflexology on blood pressure, pulse rate and blood lipid level of elderly essential hypertensive patients in a rural area. The research method was a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design and the participants were consisted of 71 elderly patients with essential hypertension who were being registered at C health Clinic(G gun, Chungnam province). Here, we compared experimental group I(aroma foot reflexology) 24 persons, experimental group II(foot reflexology) 27 persons and control group(conventional treatment) 20 persons to measure the effect. The data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 12.0. The systolic blood pressure(p<.05), the diastolic blood pressure(p<.05), and the pulse rates(p<.01) of experimental group I and II after intervening respectively with aroma foot reflexology, and foot reflexology for 6 weeks were significantly decreased than the control group, but the blood lipid level was no significant difference among 3 groups(p>.05).

In conclusion, both of aroma foot reflexology and foot reflexology had positive effects to decrease the blood pressure and pulse rates of the elderly essential hypertensive patients in a rural area and would be utilized as a nursing intervention for them.

Statistics Korea, "Cause of death Number of deaths by rank, composition, and mortality", 2006
M. Y. Jeon, Research team of Chungbuk community health center, "Hypertension prevalence, health behavior, and hypertension management aspect in rural residents controlled by community health center", The Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing, Vol. 14(3), pp. 507-519, 2003.
H. S. Kim, "The recent short views of geriatric hypertension", The Journal of Korean Medical Association, Vol. 36(12), pp. 1406-1410, 1993.
Y. I. Park, and M. H. Jeon, "The effects of self-regulation program for promoting self-care and controlling blood pressure in hypertensive patients of some rural areas", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 30(5), pp. 1303-1317, 1998.
Y. I. Kim, N. I. Kim, E. G. Won, and G. S. Choi, "The changes in serum lipid and cardiopulmonary functions given hypertensive patients with obesity", The Korean Journal of Sports medicine, Vol. 18(1), pp. 92-100, 2000.
E. Y. Jeon, "The effects of Sasang constitution dietary application on blood pressure, obese level, and blood lipid in patients with essential hypertension - Targeting patients with the use of both aerobic exercise and low-salt diet", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 32(5), pp. 673-683, 2002.
N. H. Cha, "The effects of self-foot reflexology for managing hypertension in industrial workers", unpublished doctoral dissertation, Kyung-hee University, Seoul, 2002,
R. H. Song and D. H. Kim, "Massage on the sleep, depression and physiological index in the facility-care elderly", Vol. 26(1), pp. 31-43, 2006.
G. Y. Jo, "The effects of foot reflex massage on blood pressure, blood lipid concentration and life satisfaction in patients with essential hypertension", unpublished doctoral dissertation, Pusan National University, Pusan, 2003.
H. M. Kim, and H. G. An, "The effects of foot reflexology on health status of the institutionalized elders", Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing Society, Vol. 5(1), pp. 17-28, 2003.
Y. S. Oh, and Y. G. Jeong, "Oshinbu new foot health method. Priest Oh Yak-seok's foot health method", Korean branch, 2006.
H. G. Oh, G. C. Song, and J. H. Kim, "The effects of aroma essential oil on reduction in stress : Centering on measurement in ABR(Autonomic Bioelectric Response recorder)", The Journal of Korean Association of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Vol. 8(1), pp. 5-8, 2000.
H. H. Jang, "The effects of aromatherapy on reduction of blood pressure", Unpublished master thesis, Wonkwang University, Iksan, 2001.
J. H. Hwang, "The effects of the inhalation method using essential oils on blood pressure and stress responses of clients with essential hypertension", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, vol. 36(7), pp. 1123-1134, 2006.
B. Kunz, and K. Kunz, "Medical application of reflexology, safety, efficacy, mechanism of action and cast effective of reflexology", Mighty Words, 2000.
S. H. Jo, "Foot reflexology", Seoul : Jungdammedia, 2003.
D. C. Uhm, "Effects of foot reflexo-massage on blood velocity of lower extremities, physical status and mood of elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis", Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Seoul National University, Seoul, 2003.
D. C. Byers, "Better health with foot reflexology: the Ingham method, revised & expanded", Ingham publish Co., 2001.
Y. H. Lee, "The Effects of a Foot-Reflexo-Massage Education Program on Foot Care in Diabetic Patients", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 33(5), pp. 633-642, 2003.
M. H. Hur, and S. H. Han, "Clinical trial of Aromatherapy on Postpartum Mother's Perineal Healing", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 34(1), pp. 53-62, 2004.
J. Buckle, "Massage and aromatherapy massage; Nursing art and science", International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 8(6), pp. 276-280, 2003.
S. Battaglia, "The complete guide to aromatherapy", Perfect potion, 1995.
M. J. Wang and N. H. Cha, "An Analysis of the Effect of Self-foot Reflexology on Level of Hypertension", Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing, Vol. 14 (1), pp. 5-15 , 2003
S. M. Kim, "Effects of aromatherapy and foot reflex massage on urine chortisol, stress, sleep, depression, blood pressure and pulse rate of the institutionalized elderly", unpublished master thesis, Kyungbook National University, Daegu, 2006.
J. H. Cha, S. H. Lee, and Y. S. Yoo, "Effects of aromatherapy on changes in the autonomic nervous system, aortic pulse wave velocity and aortic augmentation index in patients with essential hypertension", Journal of Korean Academic Nursing, Vol. 40(5), pp. 705-713, 2010.  [crossref(new window)]
L. Grealish, A. Lamasney, and B. Whiteman, "Foot massage: A nursing intervention to modify the distressing symptoms of pain and nausea in patients hospitalized with cancer", Cancer Nursing, Vol. 23(3), pp. 237-243, 2000.  [crossref(new window)]
H. J. Hyeon, "The effects of exercise in workers with hyper-cholesterol through improving intention - Based on the deliberate behavioral theory". Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Seoul National University, Seoul. 1998.
S. Q. Gui, X. Q. Xiao, Y. Z. Li, and W. Y. Fu, "Impact of the massotherapy applied to foot reflexes on blood fat of human body", China Reflexology Symposium Report, pp. 21-23, 1996.

Keywords: reflexology, blood pressure, pulse rate, blood lipid level


Add your comments | Subscribe | View all messages

Newsletter Signup

Stay up to date with our occasional newsletter...

Please fill in all the fields.

Blog / Latest news

How reflexology can improve your health
Tue 17 May 2022

Our Services
Tue 12 Apr 2022

Reduce Stress with Massage Treatments
Fri 08 Apr 2022

View more


"It was a totally relaxing, peaceful experience. I felt so good about myself and I had not been sleeping well but after the aromatherapy massage, I did!"